In October 1936, the University celebrated its golden jubilee. However, its classrooms were opened for less academic purposes. In July, the civil war had broken with the military uprising in Morocco. Guipúzcoa, Vizcaya and Alava, as well as Santander and Asturias, remained loyal to the Republic. San Sebastian and most of Guipúzcoa soon fell in the hands of rebel soldiers. Bilbao was the center of the Basque resistance. The University buildings were barracks for the makeshift militia.