Recently, the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness has funded with 19,360€, our researcher Joana Abrisketa’s project “The asylum policies of the European Union: convergences of the internal and external dimensions” (ref. DER2017-82466-R) for the 2018-2020 period.
The above-mentioned project takes as starting point the failure of the Common European Asylum System and the current reform tackled by the EU on the asylum policies, with the aim of proposing realistic and sustainable recommendations that can improve the asylum processes of the EU both in its internal and external dimensions.
To this date, all the studies on the asylum policies of the EU have been addressed either from the perspective of their internal dimension or the perspective of their external dimension, but never from the perspective of both policies in a merged and holistic form. Precisely, the value of this research project derives from providing an analysis that can address the described reality based on the complexity and the connection of both dimensions.
In this context, three hypotheses are considered. Firstly, the asylum policy of the EU is circumscribed within a global tendency of stopping forced migration, which is perceived to be a menace for stability, and it hardly takes into consideration other policies that can be more realistic on the long term, such as the regulation of the cited migration or the implementation of measures against human trafficking. Secondly, the mechanisms of the current Common European Asylum System are not following any principle of solidarity or guaranty of rights, required to the EU and its Member States and neither is it modified with the new reform. At last, the external dimension of asylum, that is, the cooperation of the EU and its Member States with third countries can seem controverted regarding the exercise of competences of the EU and referring to the conformity with human rights of the asylum seekers.
Therefore, based on the previous information, the following objectives are set out:
To propose a Recommendation Plan on Asylum (RPA) in the EU addressed to its institutions and Member States;
To analyse the global tendency of the non-entrance migration policies and their connection with the measures adopted by the EU in order to elaborate the recommendations;
To value the deficits of the Common European Asylum System and its reform regarding the internal dimension; and
To evaluate the used instruments of the EU and its Member States with third countries in order to manage the forced migration regarding the external dimension.
The research project has been elaborated by the reasearch team formed by Javier González Vega from Oviedo University; Paula García Andrade from the Pontifical University of Comillas; and by Felipe Gómez Isa, Laura Gómez Urquijo, Steffen Rasmussen, Sergio Caballero, Cristina Churruca y José Ramón Intxaurbe from the University of Deusto. The working team has been formed by Elspeth Guild from the University of Nijmejen, Thomas Gammeltoft from the University of Aarhus, Violeta Moreno-Lax from the University Queen Mary of London, Silvia Morgades from the University Pompeu Fabra, Carmen Pérez Gónzález from the University Carlos III of Madrid and by David Fernández Rojo from the University of Deusto.