Research

On 10 March 2020 a seminar on women and cooperativism was held at the University of Deusto: "Women and Basque cooperativism looking towards Europe: building a shared agenda". Women such as Paloma Arroyo, director of COCETA (Spanish Confederation of Associated Work Cooperatives) and Malena Riudavets, vice-president of COCETA and member of the ICA (International Cooperative Alliance) Gender Executive Committee, were invited as speakers on this day.  In addition, a group workshop was developed to address issues such as the opportunities that cooperatives offer to women and the priorities that should be taken into account when developing a future common agenda. The seminar was organised by the EDISPe team and the Jean Monnet EUCLIPE Chair from the same university. As the speaker Paloma Arroyo pointed out, this society was given to us to transform it, not to maintain it. 
From 4 to 14 June 2019, the experts on European issues Stefan Auer and Nicole Scicluna were on a research visit to the University of Deusto.  On the one hand, Stefan Auer is Associate Professor of European Studies and holder of the Jean Monnet Chair at the School of Modern Languages and Cultures of the University of Hong Kong. His main research projects focus on Central European liberal nationalism, solidarity and democracy in Europe and the crisis of the European project. In addition, Professor Nicole Scicluna received her PhD in International Relations from La Trobe University (Australia) in 2013. Her teaching and research interests include European integration, EU law and policy, and the relationship between international law and international relations.  Moreover, the two professors have met with the EDISPe team (Social Development, Economy and Innovation for People), as well as with the Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Law, to see the possibilities of future collaboration in research and teaching.
On 12 April 2019, the book "Dialogues with the citizens: Elections to the European Parliament in 2019" was presented for the first time at the Ignacio Aldecoa Cultural Centre (Vitoria-Gasteiz), with the participation of professors from the Jean Monnet EUCLIPE Chair and the University of Deusto, such as Professor Laura Gómez.   In its pages, the book first reflects on Europe and then focuses on the 2019 European Parliament elections and deals with European policies (sustainability, security and equality).  Through this publication, which brings together the work of 28 Basque researchers, the aim is to disseminate the main issues being dealt with by the EU, with the main aim of bringing Europe closer to Basque society and thus encouraging the participation of Basque people in the future of Europe. 
This book places the European Pillar of social rights within the frame of the current integration of the European Union, building for the lector a strong understanding about the meaning of its approval, range and applicability. Therefore, there is an analysis of how contributes to the European law and European social politics as well as economic governance, which is required to follow European integration. Once this frame has been analysed, the book focus on which has been considered as the main challenge of the European Union after the 2008 crisis: the employment. In addition, its studies deeply the ten principles of the job market in the chapters ‘’Igualdad de oportunidades y de acceso al mercado de trabajo2’’ and‘’Condiciones de Trabajo Justas3’’ Finally, it offers a valuation of how implement it through the current economic tools of the European Union, observing, nevertheless, the harmony of this policies with the European Semester and making recommendations for its development among the European members. This work has been elaborated in a multidisciplinary way, mainly legal but taking into account economic and social sciences perspective. Therefore, in this book has been conceived thanks to a mixed methodology, with legal analysis and analysis of content and stadistics. Book name - The European Pillar of Social Rights. Contribution to Employment and the Job Market 2Equality of Opportunities and Access to Jobs 3Fair Job Conditions
Las profesoras Marta Enciso, Aitziber Mugarra y Laura Gómez, integrantes de la Cátedra EUCLIPE han publicado el siguiente capítulo “Innovación social para el empleo en la Unión Europea. El caso del cooperativismo y la economía social” en el libro ''Nuevos horizontes y perspectivas para el derecho en el siglo XXI'' (pp. 277-290. Thomson Reutes, Pamplona, 2018) The professors Marta Enciso, Aitziber Mugarra y Laura Gómez, members of the Euclipe Jean Monnet Chair have published the following chapter ‘’Innovación social para el empleo en la Unión Europea. El caso del cooperativismo y la economía social”1 in the book ''Nuevos horizontes y perspectivas para el derecho en el siglo XXI''2 (pp. 277-290. Thomson Reutes, Pamplona, 2018) This performance derives from the research investigation SI-Drive, financed by the European Commission under the VII Marco Program dedicated to social innovation, being related to impulse job creation. The chapter begins studying how the European Union has participated in the realms of social innovation and social economy since the 2008 crisis, observing how the problem of unemployment is solved. In this frame, the chapter explore the main principles of elements and results of the SI-Drive project in order to contrast them with successful performances that show in practice the accuracy of the investigated aspects in the Basque country 1Social Innovation for the employment in the European Unión. The co-operationist and social economy. 2New Horizons and perspectives for the Law in the XXI century
The EUCLIPE Jean Monnet Chair has participated in the retreat ‘’: paving the way to the social impact dimension of research’’ organised by Deusto University. This event had the honour to count with the prominent figures of the Deusto University dean, José María Guibert, the deputy minister of research of the Basque government, Adolfo Morais and the responsible for research and innovation of the European Commission, Harald Hartung. This event permitted to exchange ideas and sensations among the participants related to the investigation’s dynamic, specifically, over the aspects to improve in every steps of the research: planification, development and evaluation of the research social impact. During the day many topics were discussed but never forgetting the three main objectives of the retreat. Firstly, to show the need of investigate from different approaches and with research leader with different positions. Then, to analysis the tools to measure the impact of research in society. Lastly, how to eliminate the existing tensions from the different approaching mindset.
The June eleventh, Joana Abrisketa, member of the Euclipe Jean Monnet Chair, organized a seminary which focused on the European system of asylum within the frame of the project EURASYLUM, financed by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain.  In this seminary, many experts had come from many parts of Spain such as Deusto University, Carlos III University, Pompeu Frabra University and Pontifical Comillas University. In this event, the main lines of the project were introduced taking into the failure of the last project, SECA, and the parallel policies of the externalization of migratory control. Among the final goals of the project there are included the analysis of the international tendency and their connexions with the European Union policies of the asylum, to value the deficiencies of SECA and its reform and evaluate the tools used.
Joana Abrisketa, professor of International law and headmistress of transnational law faculty, exposed some key points of the European policies for refuge matters and the issues raised from the massive arrival of refugees after the Syrian war. Then, Maria Nagore, professor of International Law of the Law Faculty, focused on the influence of these polices outside the European region. Both professors presented some measures to improve the humanitarian assistance in accordance with international law. This conference is within the Cycle of International Conferences: New Challenges of the European Union co-organised by the EUCLIPE Jean Monnet chair and the student law association ELSA (European Law Student’s Association). More than 100 law students, in which we may find Pure Law, Economic Specialisation Law and the double degree of International Relation and Law, had attended the conference with the association EUROGETXO.
Luis Gordillo, professor of Constitutional Law of department addressed the economic model of the European Integration, reflected on the highest rules been consider as the ‘’Economic European Constitution’’. Moreover, the professor Laura Gómez Urquijo, member of the EUCLIPE Jean Monnet chair, questioned the integration of the social objectives in such model. Moreover, she proposed some approaches in order to join both frames while the exigence of the Europena states is increasing. This conference is within the Cycle of International Conferences: New Challenges of the European Union co-organised by the EUCLIPE Jean Monnet chair and the student law association ELSA (European Law Student’s Association). More than 100 law students, in which we may find Pure Law, Economic Specialisation Law and the double degree of International Relation and Law, had attended the conference with the association EUROGETXO.
Last March 16, we hosted the first conference of the Seminar on the New Challenges of the EU, framed in the First Rounf of Seminars and Conferences of ELSA. This event was derived from the collaboration among the EUCLIPE Jean Monnet Chair, the SAPIA Jean Monnet Module and ELSA. During the session, we could listen, on the one hand, to María Luisa Sánchez Barrueco, proffesor of EU Law at Deusto University and Holder of the SAPIA Jean Monnet Chair, who offered us a lecture on the negotiations and possible post-Brexit scenarios given her direct experience as she was present, in January this year, in the EU Committee of the House of Lords in order to inform the Members of the Chamber about the budgetary and financial consquences of Brexit. On the other hand, we had the opportunity of hosting Rocco Caira's lecture, currently lawyes, professor of Business Law and Deusto and Honorary Consul of Ireland. Rocco offered the students an very interesting insight on the meaning of borders and also about the particular problems concerning Ireland in the context of Brexit. The Conference was chaired by the President of ELSA Deusto (Bilbao), Alex Soroiu.  
The ex-member of the European Parliament Monica Frassoni, President of the Green group, gave a lecture in which she expressed her awareness over different challenges that the European has to face such as refugee crisis and the lack of participation of the citizen in the European projects and the need of European states to follow the European Union framework. The conference is within the frame of the International Cycle of Conferences: New challenges of the European Unión co-organized by the EUCLIPO Jean Monnet Chair and the student’s association ELSA (European Law Student Assossiation). More than 100 Law students attended this conference, in which we can find pure Law students; Law with Economy specialisation and the double degree of Law and International Relations, accompanied by the EURGETXO association.   Retos económicos, políticos y sociales para la Uníón Europea del futuro
ELSA Deusto (Bilbao) and the EUCLIPE Jean Monnet Chair organise a debate session under the title "Sharing Economy and Competence" with the aim of sharing a legal perspective on the subject in order to disseminate knowledge and promote a critical thought. The First International Round of Seminars and Conferences, organised by the European Law Students' Association, ELSA, in collaboration with the EUCLIPE Jean Monne Chair, was inaugurated on March 21. Among the activities encompassed in the International Round, the first debate session of Sharing Economy and Competence may be found. During the First Panel chaired by the ELSA Deusto (Bilbao) President, Alexandru Soroiu, the Economy professor, Aitziber Mugarra, introduced the public to the ins and outs of Sharing Economy and presented the evolution of the concept regarding the new business practices. Likewise, Maria Pilar Canedo, Board Member of the National Commission on Markets and Competence, talked about sharing economy as a benefit or a risk for the citizen. The Second Panel was chaired by the postdoctoral researcher of the EDISPE team, Ana Vidu and it was formed by the Principal Economist at Ofwat, Mateo Silos, and the President of the Basque Federation of Taxis, Borja Musons. This debate focused on the dillema of "Taxi and Uber, a complicated relationship". Finally, the attendants had the opportunity to engage in a dialogue with participants. All of it contributed to a reflection on this phenomenon from an economic and legal perspective, under the EU regulation and, also, on how new regulations should be tackled  in order to benefit the citizen and protect their rights and facilitate a better access to quality services.
On March 13, Professor​ Aitziber Mugarra, as the national representative, has participated in the annual meeting of the Ibero-American Network of Service-Learning (http://www.clayss.org/redibero.html), that was celebrated during the Justice in Action, 29th Annual National Service-Learning Conference organizaded by the National Youth Leadership Council (NYLC) in the USA (nylc.org/conference). She has explained the changes in the experiences of both the Spanish Network of Service-Learnig REDAPS (https://aprendizajeservicio.net), with the Service-Learning awards (http://aprendizajeservicio.com), as well as the experiences of the Basque Country.
On March 5, the EUCLIPE Jean Monnet Chair was visited by the School of Law alumnus Markel Redondo as a guest professor. Markel Redondo studied the Bachelor of Law with Economic specialisation and, currently, is responsible for projects at the International Centre for Migration Policy Development. At this insitution, Markel works on projects related to refugees, asylum and integration of migration. During his stay, Markel participated as guest professor for the Public International Law course taught by professor Joana Abrisketa. In the class, he explained the key concepts of  Asylum Law and its application in practice to the first-year students of the Bachelor of Law with Economic specialisation. At the end of the session, the students answered his questions about specific cases on asylum requests. Likewise, Markel Redondo participated in a formation session under title of Policy Action in the EU from the perspective of an Intergovernmental International Organization. During the session, he talked to the students of the Loiola Legal Clinic about his job experience at different international organizations and it ended with dialogue with the participants.
On March 6, the Jean Monnet Chair has held the PhD Workshop for The inclusion of the EU perspective in the research activity which resulted from the proposal of the School of Law. It was integrated into the programme of the PhD in Business and Economic Law and offered to all the post-doctoral researchers by means of the Deusto International Resarch School (DIRS). The professors Laura Gómez and Aitziber Mugarra worked with researchers from several disciplines (Law, Psychology, Education...) who attended during the course. The professors aimed to work on the following competences with the attendants: 1) Relating the ongoing research with the EU research priorities evaluating their lineup; 2) Using the sources and resources offered by the EU for research; 3) Incrementing the European research projection. To that purpose, the professors have firstly introduced an example of internationalisation that was used in the EDISPe (Development, Economy and Social Innovation for People) research temas and the keys to the competences to be worked on. Subsequently, the researches intervened in a world café format applying the europeanisation keys to their investigations and receiving feedback from the rest. The world café started with people from the same discipline switching to other multidisciplinary groups with purpose of enriching the methodological suggestions received by the each researcher. The key words and resources detected by the researcher for integrating the European in ther research were shared in the session in the format of answer garden.
Professor Joana Abrisketa attended the Odysseus Conference “Conflict and Compromise in the EU Migration and Asylum Policies” held in Brussels on February 1, 2018. The Annual Conference is organised by the Odysseus Academic Network, a leading network of legal experts in immigration and asylum in Europe, in the framework of the OMNIA project and with the support of the Jean Monnet activities of the Erasmus +Programme of the European Union. The overarching themes of the Conference were the several rulings of the Court of Justice of the European Union taken in 2017. The content of sensitive cases such as the one of the visas for asylum seekers, or the one on relocation and solidarity, as well as the EU/Turkey Declaration were discussed by the participants. The European Agenda on Migration was also analysed, in relation with the Commission Communications of 27 September and 7 December 2017. Professor Philippe De Bruycker, Coordinator of the Odysseus Academic Network in the ULB, Brussels, gave the welcome speech. During this session, François Crépeau, Professor in Mc Gill University, Canada, and Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants, took part. Elspeth Guild, Jean Monnet Professor ad personam, Queen Mary University London, took part as a convener in the workshop related to the human right to leave a country. The Libyan Coastguards implications and the international responsibility for the cooperation of the EU and its member states was dealt by Professor Achilles Skordas, from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark. The question concerning visas for asylum was presented by professor Violeta Moreno-Lax, Associate Professor in Law in Queen Mary University of London. The final plenary session was presented, among other participants, by Eleanor Sharpston, Advocate General of the Court of Justice of the European Union and Henri Labayle, Professeur de droit européen of tthe Université de Pau and the Pay de l’Adour, France, who explained the limits and the technical and political choices made by the Union institutions as regards the judment of the CJUE in Slovaquia and Hungary v. Council, of 6th September 2017.
Published in the Revista General de Derecho Europeo, no. 44 (January, 2018) (ABSTRACT) In the judgment of the 6th September 2017, the European Union Court of Justice ruled on the Decision (EU) 2015/1601 of 22 September 2015 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece (Relocation Decision). As the demands for international protection in the two countries reached numbers never seen before, the Decision put into play a temporary mechanism for the relocation of the asylum seekers arriving from Greece and Italy. According to the Relocation Decision, the remaining State members of the EU would receive 120.000 asylum seekers who would have presented their petition in the two Mediterranean States. The asylum seekers would be distributed among the member States according to a quota system. Hungary and the Slovak Republic requested the European Court of Justice to annul the Decision. The case was relevant due to the nature of the principle of solidarity implied and the context of the reform of the Common European Asylum System in which the judgment was adopted. The Court rejected the applications on the basis of technical and legal arguments rooted in the EU Law. However, the interpretation of the principle of solidarity was reduced to merely a symbolic status. By Joana Abrisketa, Professor of Public International Law and International Relations at the University of Deusto and member of the Jean Monnet Chair in EU Economic and Legal integration for people.
Recently, the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness has funded with 19,360€, our researcher Joana Abrisketa’s project “The asylum policies of the European Union: convergences of the internal and external dimensions” (ref. DER2017-82466-R) for the 2018-2020 period. The above-mentioned project takes as starting point the failure of the Common European Asylum System and the current reform tackled by the EU on the asylum policies, with the aim of proposing realistic and sustainable recommendations that can improve the asylum processes of the EU both in its internal and external dimensions. To this date, all the studies on the asylum policies of the EU have been addressed either from the perspective of their internal dimension or the perspective of their external dimension, but never from the perspective of both policies in a merged and holistic form. Precisely, the value of this research project derives from providing an analysis that can address the described reality based on the complexity and the connection of both dimensions. In this context, three hypotheses are considered. Firstly, the asylum policy of the EU is circumscribed within a global tendency of stopping forced migration, which is perceived to be a menace for stability, and it hardly takes into consideration other policies that can be more realistic on the long term, such as the regulation of the cited migration or the implementation of measures against human trafficking. Secondly, the mechanisms of the current Common European Asylum System are not following any principle of solidarity or guaranty of rights, required to the EU and its Member States and neither is it modified with the new reform. At last, the external dimension of asylum, that is, the cooperation of the EU and its Member States with third countries can seem controverted regarding the exercise of competences of the EU and referring to the conformity with human rights of the asylum seekers. Therefore, based on the previous information, the following objectives are set out: To propose a Recommendation Plan on Asylum (RPA) in the EU addressed to its institutions and Member States; To analyse the global tendency of the non-entrance migration policies and their connection with the measures adopted by the EU in order to elaborate the recommendations; To value the deficits of the Common European Asylum System and its reform regarding the internal dimension; and To evaluate the used instruments of the EU and its Member States with third countries in order to manage the forced migration regarding the external dimension. The research project has been elaborated by the reasearch team formed by Javier González Vega from Oviedo University; Paula García Andrade from the Pontifical University of Comillas; and by Felipe Gómez Isa, Laura Gómez Urquijo, Steffen Rasmussen, Sergio Caballero, Cristina Churruca y José Ramón Intxaurbe from the University of Deusto. The working team has been formed by Elspeth Guild from the University of Nijmejen, Thomas Gammeltoft from the University of Aarhus, Violeta Moreno-Lax from the University Queen Mary of London, Silvia Morgades from the University Pompeu Fabra, Carmen Pérez Gónzález
Last December 15th, the Jean Monnet Chair in “EU Economic and Legal integration for people” co-organised, together with the Faculty of Law, IRPO and EDISPe, the Conference “Shaping the Future of employment in Europe: social innovation as a driver of social change” which started from the results of the European project “Social Innovation – Driving Force of Social Change (SI-DRIVE)”. The aim was clear: to initiate a path of reflection on the current labour challenges in the European market and the relevance of social innovation as an instrument to tackle them. The curtain of the event was lifted up by Xabier Ochandiano, Delegated Councillor of Economic Development, Commerce and Employment Area from the Bilbao City Council, and Marta Enciso, Vice-dean of the Faculty of Law. The staging was started with the “Shaping the future. Innovative trends in employment” Panel moderated by Laura Gómez, Chair holder, and with the interventions of Jeffrey Saunders (Director of Future Work and Workplace of the Copenhagen Institute of Future Studies), Peter Oeij (Senior Researcher in TNO, the Netherlands) and Jon Azkue (Vice-councillor of Labour and Social Security of Basque Government). The final stage was represented in the Panel “Best practices of socially innovative entities” by Garbiñe Henry (Director of Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Deusto) moderating it and, intervening, Elena Como and Laura Martelloni (LAMA), Karmele Acedo (Director General of Integrated Social Services, Cooperative Society), Pablo Ocaña (Founding Member of Urbegi Group) and Amaia Naveda (Responsible of Social Audit in REAS Euskadi). In the end, Toñi Caro, Director of the International Projects Office, was in charge of  dropping the curtain. Programme of the Conference
During the 27th and 28th of November, Laura Gómez, Jean Monnet Chair Holder in “EU Economic and Legal Integration for People” was present at the Biennial Jean Monnet conference and kick-off meeting for new beneficiaries organized by the Commission and the Education, Culture and Audiovisual Executive Agency. Gathering around forty speakers and moderators and 350 participants, the 2017 edition dealt with the current turning points in EU history and their consequences over the integration process. These topics have been of great relevance for the academic and political debate. Likewise, the Commission’s White Paper on the Future of Europe, the State of the Union discourse presented by J.C. Juncker and the last political developments in the Member States have played a major role during the event. Nonetheless, the objective was not only to create a debate around the main issues and challenges of the EU policies but to share a more technical information with the new beneficiaries of the Jean Monnet Programme. Programme
This Thursday, in the University of Deusto, the Jean Monnet Chair in “EU Economic and Legal integration for People” held by Laura Gómez Urquijo organised a Focus Group with the presence of Garbiñe Henry, Santos Arrieta from Doctors of the World, Natxo Arnaiz deBolunta, Ana Artetxe from Bultzlan Consulting, Carlos Askunze from the REAS Euskadi Association, Mónica Gárate from Momentu Business Impulse, Javier Mariño de Koopera and,  Arantza Etxaniz, Aitziber Mugarra, Ana Vidu y Laura Gómez Urquijo, as researchers from Deusto. The session was focused on the analysis of how the social organizations and the Administration tackles the supply of services to society, the synergies originated, the difficulties resulted from that interaction and the proposals that the assistants, each from their different professional perspectives, think to be the best solutions to the mentioned problems. The session has been achieved in the context of the Solidarity in the European Societies: Empowerment, Social Justice and Citizenship Programme.