Charla sobre “La carrera diplomática” a cargo del Embajador Javier Sandomingo Núñez

Los estudiantes de 4º del Grado de Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad de Deusto, a los que se unieron estudiantes del Doble Grado en Relaciones Internacionales y Derecho, han tenido la oportunidad de conocer al diplomático español Francisco Javier Sandomingo Núñez, quien les ha presentado de forma completa lo pasos a seguir para el acceso a la carrera diplomática.

2013.02.04-Embajador-UE-16Asimismo, el Embajador Sandomingo detalló las competencias y perfiles necesarios para superar con éxito las oposiciones, y abordó las luces y sombras de la profesión en un mundo cada vez más cambiante.

Don Javier Sandomingo (La Coruña, 25 de enero de 1954), ingresó en 1980 en la Carrera Diplomática y desde entonces ha formado parte en las representaciones diplomáticas españolas en países como Costa Rica, Cuba, México, Perú, China, Zimbabue y Tailandia. Además, ha ocupado el puesto de Jefe de la Delegación de la Unión Europea en Nicaragua, Panamá, Costa Rica, El Salvador y Honduras hasta 2015 por cuatro años. Hoy en día, Sandomingo es el encargado de los Asuntos Latinoamericanos en la Escuela Diplomática.

En definitiva, los estudiantes tuvieron una magnífica ocasión para conocer a fondo uno de los ámbitos más fascinantes de las Relaciones Internacionales.

Morocco readmitted to the African Union

Morocco, the only country in Africa which was not a member of the African Union, has rejoined the organization after more than 30 years. The country left the organization when the majority of member states recognized the independence of the territory of Western Sahara in 1984.

Western Sahara was annexed by Morocco in 1975, and since then it has been the focus of conflict between the country and indigenous people led by the Polisario Front. This week thirty-nine countries supported the readmission of Morocco into the African Union while nine voted against it.

All in all, Morocco’s return to the organization brings hope of peacebuilding in the territory. The foreign minister of Western Sahara, Mohamed Salem Ould Salek, has affirmed that it is a “positive step” for the population of Western Sahara.

First impacts of Trump’s immigration ban

President Donald Trump’s executive order to ban more than 218 million people from entering the United States and to negate access to international refugees is having tremendous repercussion worldwide since its implementation last Saturday.

While American and foreign countries’ law enforcement services were trying to understand Trump’s new order, confusion and uncertainty immediately spread through most of US airports. Moreover, demonstrators gathered during the weekend in diverse cities throughout the whole county, such as Washington, New York, Boston, Philadelphia and Atlanta.

Additonally, President Trump has fired his acting attorney general, Sally Q. Yates, after she refused to defend his executive order. He has now replaced the nation’s top law enforcement officer with Dana J. Boente, the United States attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia.

This new policy denies access to the United States to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries for the following 90 days and rejects the entrance of all refugees for 120 days. President Trump has affirmed that his government was “totally prepared” for the ban and that it is “working out very nicely”.

Greece’s debt crisis may resurface in the following weeks

Greek debt crisis may reappear with revived force unless the government, headed by its Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, achieves an agreement with EU creditors in the next three weeks.

While the ruling two-party coalition celebrates two years in office, the prime minister faces the dilemma of implementing further austerity mechanisms or calling new elections in the country, since the application of severe cuts on social spending has dramatically decreased government’s support.

Moreover, further uncertainty has spread in Greece as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has warned that national debt load could emerge as “explosive” by the year 2030. The IMF has concluded that additional pension cuts and tax increases will be fundamentally needed to achieve a primary budget surplus.

All in all, the country’s economic future appears to be tragic. It definitely seems that even if reforms are truly implemented and followed, Greek debt load will pose a serious problem for the following decades.

Israel authorizes a new wave of settlement construction in occupied Palestinian territories

Israel has announced a wide building program of 2,500 more Jewish settlement homes in the occupied West Bank. This statement is one of the most extensive plans in years and shows a broad refusal to the last United Nations Security Council resolution, in which settlement building was defined as a violation of international law and thus a critical barrier to peace.

Nowadays up to 400,000 settlers live in the West Bank and more than 200,000 in East Jerusalem, which Israel occupied in the 1967 Middle East war. The decision is most likely to increment tensions and uncertainty among Palestinians and Middle Eastern countries.

Palestinian officials have immediately condemned the new building program. They strongly believe that the decision will impede any effort to establish security and stability, and therefore, possibilities to start a peace process will be impossible to achieve.

The new US government, although it has generally been rapid to condemn settlement announcements, remains now quiet while most of European countries are denouncing Israeli plans.

Donald Trump is the 45th president of the United States

Last Friday, Donald J. Trump swore in as the new president of the United States of America with a 16-minute inaugural speech in which he affirmed the country was now entering a new different era. He promised he would break up with the established order and stop national decline.

Trump presented himself as the leader who will return United States’ lost greatness. “We will bring back our jobs. We will bring back our borders. We will bring back our wealth. And we will bring back our dreams.”

He stated that the inauguration was much more than the transfer of power from one president to another: “We are giving (the power) back to you, the people.” Donald Trump has assumed the presidency of a polarized country in which he enjoys less support in polls than any other president in recent history.

During the weekend, peaceful protests against the new president took place throughout the whole country. Additionally, violent riots broke out and police officers responded with tear gas in Washington, D.C. In all, more than 200 people were arrested.

10,000 people have been killed since the beginning of Yemen’s war

According to the United Nations’ humanitarian affairs office, at least 10,000 people have been killed since the beginning of the war in Yemen in March 2015. The figure shows an urgent need to negotiate solutions from both sides in order to end almost two years of sharp conflict.

Yemen is already the poorest country in the Arab world. UN officials consider that almost 80% of the population, around 19 million people, are in need of humanitarian aid. Furthermore, another 3 million have been displaced.

However, the devastation of Yemen has been widely ignored by the international community, and thus the United Nations urges states to focus on the “huge humanitarian cost” of the war in this country.

Richest eight people are as wealthy as half of world’s population

A new report by Oxfam, published at the beginning of the World Economic Forum in Switzerland, states that the world’s richest eight people own the same fortune as the poorest half of the population. It alerts that this dangerous tendency of wealth concentration is critically expanding.

This group of billionaires is headed by the Microsoft founder Bill Gates, followed by Amancio Ortega, Warren Buffett, Carlos Slim Helú, Jeff Bezos, Mark Zuckerberg, Larry Ellison and Michael Bloomberg. Their fortune is worth $426bn, which means the total wealth of 3.6 billion people around the world.

The World Economic Forum (WEF) has also affirmed that growing inequality supposes one of the biggest dangers for the global economy in the near future. Oxfam emphasizes the need for urgent change to guarantee effective economic systems which benefit whole societies, not just privileged ones.

A historic effort to put an end to the division of Cyprus

During the following weeks Greek and Turkish community leaders will carry on negotiations on reunification talks with the object of arranging the first multilateral conference since the partition of Cyprus 43 years ago. These talks are seen as a determining event in the laborious process of resolving such a diplomatic puzzle.

Nicos Anastasiades and Mustafa Akıncı will try to outline the essential features for a possible peace deal after more than 18 months of intense negotiations to settle inter-ethnic divisions. So far, issues of governance, political power-sharing, the economy and the European Union have also been discussed. Nevertheless, security will be the last point to be argued.

The commitment to a settlement from both leaders has helped to increase hopes. At a time where uncertainty is ruling in Europe, there is a belief that a peace agreement would bring stability to the region. Additionally, Antónito Guterres, the new United Nations Secretary General, called it a “historic opportunity”.

Barack Obama says goodbye to the presidency of the United States

On Tuesday, President Obama delivered his farewell address in the city of Chicago. In the speech, marked by emotional and nostalgic moments, Obama expressed his confidence in America for the new period the nation will face with the presidency of Donald Trump, and repeated his support to his successor. However, he also questioned some of Trump’s positions defended during the campaign, from climate change to voiding Barack Obama’s health care law.

The 44th President of the United States pointed out that that economic inequality, racism and closed-mindedness will endanger the nation’s democratic unity. He underlined that “America is not a fragile thing,” but when there are just 10 days left for Donald Trump to occupy the office, we could not but perceive his uncertainty over the path the nation is going to take from now on.