Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin will work for a new ceasefire in Syria

The president of the United States and the president of Russia, Vladimir Putin, have restarted direct communications with the aim of agreeing a new ceasefire in the civil way of Syria. Tuesday’s call was intended to advance in a more collaborative relationship after the rupture of interactions over the past weeks.

Donald Trump has consented to assign a representative to the ceasefire talks which start on Wednesday in Kazakhstan, in the first conversation between the US and Russia since the first launched a missile strike on Syria as a retaliation for a chemical attack on civilians.

At Kazakhstan, Putin intends to suggest that Russia, Iran and Turkey act as buffer forces in order to separate the government and rebel forces in diverse areas of Syria. However, US and Russian officials show opposite approaches regarding the establishment of safe zones over the country to protect civilians.

Hamas shows a more moderate face towards Israel

Last Monday, Hamas, the Palestinian Sunni-Islamic armed group, presented a moderate public face towards the state of Israel with the aim of gaining international recognition and getting closer to Palestinian leadership.

The statement, presented some days before the Palestinian Authority leader Mahmoud Abbas is meeting Donald Trump, urges to develop closer relations with Egypt, avoids any possible anti-Semitic language and accepts a provisional Palestinian state — according to the borders established in 1967. This, however, does not mean that Hamas formally recognizes the state of Israel.

The group is still considered a terrorist group by almost every western country and this status has led to the exclusion of Hamas from international negotiations over the future of Palestine. Therefore, the armed group is trying to project a more friendly approach toward the Palestinian cause.

This step could definitely be considered as a point of inflexion in order to gain more credibility both in Palestine and in the international community. Nevertheless, Benjamin Netanyahu, the prime minister of Israel has denounced the move and affirmed the statement “is a smoke screen”.

First impacts of Trump’s immigration ban

President Donald Trump’s executive order to ban more than 218 million people from entering the United States and to negate access to international refugees is having tremendous repercussion worldwide since its implementation last Saturday.

While American and foreign countries’ law enforcement services were trying to understand Trump’s new order, confusion and uncertainty immediately spread through most of US airports. Moreover, demonstrators gathered during the weekend in diverse cities throughout the whole county, such as Washington, New York, Boston, Philadelphia and Atlanta.

Additonally, President Trump has fired his acting attorney general, Sally Q. Yates, after she refused to defend his executive order. He has now replaced the nation’s top law enforcement officer with Dana J. Boente, the United States attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia.

This new policy denies access to the United States to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries for the following 90 days and rejects the entrance of all refugees for 120 days. President Trump has affirmed that his government was “totally prepared” for the ban and that it is “working out very nicely”.

Donald Trump is the 45th president of the United States

Last Friday, Donald J. Trump swore in as the new president of the United States of America with a 16-minute inaugural speech in which he affirmed the country was now entering a new different era. He promised he would break up with the established order and stop national decline.

Trump presented himself as the leader who will return United States’ lost greatness. “We will bring back our jobs. We will bring back our borders. We will bring back our wealth. And we will bring back our dreams.”

He stated that the inauguration was much more than the transfer of power from one president to another: “We are giving (the power) back to you, the people.” Donald Trump has assumed the presidency of a polarized country in which he enjoys less support in polls than any other president in recent history.

During the weekend, peaceful protests against the new president took place throughout the whole country. Additionally, violent riots broke out and police officers responded with tear gas in Washington, D.C. In all, more than 200 people were arrested.

Barack Obama says goodbye to the presidency of the United States

On Tuesday, President Obama delivered his farewell address in the city of Chicago. In the speech, marked by emotional and nostalgic moments, Obama expressed his confidence in America for the new period the nation will face with the presidency of Donald Trump, and repeated his support to his successor. However, he also questioned some of Trump’s positions defended during the campaign, from climate change to voiding Barack Obama’s health care law.

The 44th President of the United States pointed out that that economic inequality, racism and closed-mindedness will endanger the nation’s democratic unity. He underlined that “America is not a fragile thing,” but when there are just 10 days left for Donald Trump to occupy the office, we could not but perceive his uncertainty over the path the nation is going to take from now on.

António Guterres swears in as the new Secretary-General of the United Nations

The former Portuguese prime minister will replace Ban Ki-moon on the first of January and become the ninth United Nations Secretary-General. He will place development at the center of the organization’s work and hopes to be the leader of the changes the UN needs.

Guterres, a former Socialist prime minister of Portugal and the head of the United Nations refugee agency for 10 years, focused his speech mainly on the importance of preventing conflict. He also said he would make the United Nations more “nimble” and “efficient” and promised a deep management reform for the following years.

Most UN diplomats affirm Guterres’ greatest challenge will certainly be dealing with the Trump administration. In his speech on Monday he indicated he would be “gentle”, at least for now.

The truth is that he is now under pressure to recruit women to his administration. Many diplomats had been campaigning for a woman to lead the international organization for the first time in 70 years, and Mr. Guterres has assured gender parity in his leadership.

Moreover, the General Assembly made an emotive tribute to Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who leaves the office at the end of December after leading the United Nations for the past 10 years.

Donald Trump has become the 45th president of the United States

Republican Donald Trump has shocked the United States and the whole world by defeating Democrat Hillary Clinton in the United States presidential election last Tuesday. With the massive support of white Americans unhappy with the political and economic elites of the country, Trump broke the probe’s forecasts and achieved a victory that pushes his country into the unknown.

He has obtained 289 delegates (19 more than needed), versus the 218 that Hillary Clinton has achieved. Trump has taken away the rural vote while Clinton the one of the great urban nuclei. In addition, Republicans maintain the control of the Congress and the Senate, which will make it easy for Trump to govern.

The elected president, who will swear office in January 20, praised Clinton and said in his victory speech in New Yorkt that it is time to heal the country’s divisions. The current president, Barack Obama, has already called on Trump to congratulate him and invite him to the White House on Thursday to begin the transition into office. Hillary Clinton, however, did not give the traditional speech of defeat, and congratulated Trump with a phone call.

The world was hoping to see the first woman in the US presidency after having an African-American president. But the unexpected happened. The arrival of Donald Trump to the White House may definitely mean a break with some democratic traditions of the USA, such as respect for minorities. The victory of the Republican candidate leaves a fractured and frightened society, which he has promised to start rebuilding. And, as for international relations, with Donald Trump as the most powerful man in the world, the least we can say is that the world has entered a period of ever greater uncertainty.

US Presidential Elections

The next president of the US will have a lot to answer for: racial violence, police brutality, wars in the Middle East…

 Today, February 1s,t is the Iowa Caucus, an important landmark on the election campaigns because it is the first real test with everyday voters and normally represents what the overall opinions in the rest of the country will be.

The current frontrunner for the Democratic Party is former Secretary of State and former First Lady Hillary Clinton. She has been trying for Presidency for several times now, but this year she has an up and coming opponent who is consistently winning support, Senator Bernie Sanders. He has a long history of activism and supports ideals like free healthcare. Furthermore, he is a supporter of social movements such as Black Lives Matter which has given him high popularity between minorities and young people.

Meanwhile, for the Republican Party it looks like there is only one option, Donald Trump. The businessman decided to run for president and has fueled his campaign with racist, xenophobic and even fascistic slogans and ideas while saying he would “make America great again”, which has made him earn the support of a surprisingly big part of the population, who do not question whether his policies are built on logical ideas or not. The second runner for the Republican Party is Ted Cruz, but with the wide gap between frontrunner Trump and him he does not have many chances.