Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin will work for a new ceasefire in Syria

The president of the United States and the president of Russia, Vladimir Putin, have restarted direct communications with the aim of agreeing a new ceasefire in the civil way of Syria. Tuesday’s call was intended to advance in a more collaborative relationship after the rupture of interactions over the past weeks.

Donald Trump has consented to assign a representative to the ceasefire talks which start on Wednesday in Kazakhstan, in the first conversation between the US and Russia since the first launched a missile strike on Syria as a retaliation for a chemical attack on civilians.

At Kazakhstan, Putin intends to suggest that Russia, Iran and Turkey act as buffer forces in order to separate the government and rebel forces in diverse areas of Syria. However, US and Russian officials show opposite approaches regarding the establishment of safe zones over the country to protect civilians.

United Nations Security Council paralysed with Russia’s and China’s vetoes

The delegations of Russia and China have vetoed a United Nations resolution to apply sanctions on Syrian government over the use of chemical weapons during the almost six-year war in the country.

The resolution, which was supported by dozens of states, makes clear the wide divisions that are still latent between Russia and the Trump administration, even when both countries promised to improve ties.

Britain and France proposed it some months ago and it has been the seventh Security Council resolution that the Russian delegation has vetoed in support of President Bashar al-Assad since the beginning of the Syrian civil war.

The American ambassador, Nikki R. Haley, accused Russia and China of putting “their friends in the Assad regime ahead of our global security”. On the other hand, Vladimir Putin has reinforced his opposition, adding that penalties enforced by the Security Council will only obstruct Geneva’s diplomatic attempts to end hostilities in Syria.

First impacts of Trump’s immigration ban

President Donald Trump’s executive order to ban more than 218 million people from entering the United States and to negate access to international refugees is having tremendous repercussion worldwide since its implementation last Saturday.

While American and foreign countries’ law enforcement services were trying to understand Trump’s new order, confusion and uncertainty immediately spread through most of US airports. Moreover, demonstrators gathered during the weekend in diverse cities throughout the whole county, such as Washington, New York, Boston, Philadelphia and Atlanta.

Additonally, President Trump has fired his acting attorney general, Sally Q. Yates, after she refused to defend his executive order. He has now replaced the nation’s top law enforcement officer with Dana J. Boente, the United States attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia.

This new policy denies access to the United States to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries for the following 90 days and rejects the entrance of all refugees for 120 days. President Trump has affirmed that his government was “totally prepared” for the ban and that it is “working out very nicely”.

Israel authorizes a new wave of settlement construction in occupied Palestinian territories

Israel has announced a wide building program of 2,500 more Jewish settlement homes in the occupied West Bank. This statement is one of the most extensive plans in years and shows a broad refusal to the last United Nations Security Council resolution, in which settlement building was defined as a violation of international law and thus a critical barrier to peace.

Nowadays up to 400,000 settlers live in the West Bank and more than 200,000 in East Jerusalem, which Israel occupied in the 1967 Middle East war. The decision is most likely to increment tensions and uncertainty among Palestinians and Middle Eastern countries.

Palestinian officials have immediately condemned the new building program. They strongly believe that the decision will impede any effort to establish security and stability, and therefore, possibilities to start a peace process will be impossible to achieve.

The new US government, although it has generally been rapid to condemn settlement announcements, remains now quiet while most of European countries are denouncing Israeli plans.

Donald Trump is the 45th president of the United States

Last Friday, Donald J. Trump swore in as the new president of the United States of America with a 16-minute inaugural speech in which he affirmed the country was now entering a new different era. He promised he would break up with the established order and stop national decline.

Trump presented himself as the leader who will return United States’ lost greatness. “We will bring back our jobs. We will bring back our borders. We will bring back our wealth. And we will bring back our dreams.”

He stated that the inauguration was much more than the transfer of power from one president to another: “We are giving (the power) back to you, the people.” Donald Trump has assumed the presidency of a polarized country in which he enjoys less support in polls than any other president in recent history.

During the weekend, peaceful protests against the new president took place throughout the whole country. Additionally, violent riots broke out and police officers responded with tear gas in Washington, D.C. In all, more than 200 people were arrested.

Donald Trump has become the 45th president of the United States

Republican Donald Trump has shocked the United States and the whole world by defeating Democrat Hillary Clinton in the United States presidential election last Tuesday. With the massive support of white Americans unhappy with the political and economic elites of the country, Trump broke the probe’s forecasts and achieved a victory that pushes his country into the unknown.

He has obtained 289 delegates (19 more than needed), versus the 218 that Hillary Clinton has achieved. Trump has taken away the rural vote while Clinton the one of the great urban nuclei. In addition, Republicans maintain the control of the Congress and the Senate, which will make it easy for Trump to govern.

The elected president, who will swear office in January 20, praised Clinton and said in his victory speech in New Yorkt that it is time to heal the country’s divisions. The current president, Barack Obama, has already called on Trump to congratulate him and invite him to the White House on Thursday to begin the transition into office. Hillary Clinton, however, did not give the traditional speech of defeat, and congratulated Trump with a phone call.

The world was hoping to see the first woman in the US presidency after having an African-American president. But the unexpected happened. The arrival of Donald Trump to the White House may definitely mean a break with some democratic traditions of the USA, such as respect for minorities. The victory of the Republican candidate leaves a fractured and frightened society, which he has promised to start rebuilding. And, as for international relations, with Donald Trump as the most powerful man in the world, the least we can say is that the world has entered a period of ever greater uncertainty.