Last Monday 193 world leaders gathered in the United Nations Headquarters to approve the New York Declaration aimed at providing a more coordinated and humane response to the current refugee crisis. It was the first summit on Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants.
According to the U.N. Refugee Agency, there are now more than 21.3 million refugees, 3.2 million asylum seekers, and 40.8 million migrants who have been forced to flee due to armed conflict or in search of a better life.
The new declaration seeks to standardize responses to refugee situations and provide better education prospects for refugee children. It also aims to improve their working opportunities outside their countries of origin. Furthermore, plans for a campaign to combat xenophobia are considered.
The New York Declaration on Migrants and Refugees may be seen as a document which contains no concrete commitments and is not legally binding, but it expands the concept of refugee response beyond humanitarian aid in order to include matters like education and job opportunities.
World leaders have gathered at the annual G20 summit which is being held in China for the first time. This year’s meeting is primarily dedicated to build an innovative global economy which must include emerging economies in order to create a “healthy and coherent” world system.
Therefore, the event’s agenda is essentially being ruled by economic issues. China’s major aim is to promote strategies which will improve global economic governance and strengthen financial, energy and tax cooperation.
However, economic and financial policy is not the only issue that is being discussed these days. World leaders have the opportunity to socialize and address crucial issues on the global agenda, from the current geopolitical crisis to the issue of climate change. In fact, UK Brexit plan, Syrian war, the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine and the need to definitely eliminate ISIS are some of the matters for which world leaders are seeking effective solutions.
Finally, Chinese President Xi Jinping sees this summit as the perfect opportunity to show the world that China is a powerful nation and thus able to take a guiding role in the world economy.