Recently, we had the pleasure to welcome Iliana Olivié to our university and explain it to us. She is a researcher for the Elcano Royal Institute as well as a teacher in the Department of International Economy and Development of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
The Global Presence Index was created by the Elcano Royal institute and it is a tool to understand the international trends along with tracking the external policy of different countries. The idea emerged due to the lack of an index explaining what was going on after the two block’s world, who were the stakeholders and the shifting role of the existent ones. Since 2010, 100 countries have been represented on a yearly basis, as well as certain previous years that had been relevant in the international panorama. In total, 6 regions are represented, yet not all of them equally. As a consequence, 2 more regions will be added soon: sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean. The criteria to choose which countries will form part of the index gathered the first 83 economies of the world, European Union Member States and OECD members. In order to carry out the project, 3 dimensions were taken into consideration: economy, military and soft power.
At the same time, these 3 categories were divided into 16 variables such as education, energy, manufactures, troops, information and culture; It is important to note that gender inequality was not among the variables included. Despite the fact that it had to be weighed up, it was considered a domestic factor that could easily alter the other variables. Therefore, this indicator shows the presence of each country on the international arena and the changes that they suffer. As years pass by, the presence of every country increases but some go faster than others. For example, old powers are decaying and emerging countries are still rising, except China who is ranked second.
Concerning the European region, it must be highlighted that the United Kingdom is the main contributor to European global projection in spite of not being very interested on fostering intra European relations
Author: Ane and Itsaso, International Relations students