EURASYLUM Seminar

On 29 April 2019, the seminar “Asylum policies of the European Union: External and internal dimensions” was held at the University of Deusto. Joana Abrisketa Uriarte, professor of international law at the University of Deusto and main researcher of the EURASYLUM team, presented the convergences between the external and internal dimensions within the framework of asylum policies in the European Union. 

In this seminar, which is financed by the Ministry of Innovation and Competitiveness, several lecturers and researchers from different universities (Pompeu Fabra University, ICADE, Carlos III of Madrid, the University of Cádiz, Nijmejen, Queen Mary University of London, the University of Copenhagen, the University of Glasgow, the University of Caledonia and the University of Deusto) came together to analyse the challenges of asylum in the European Union from the different existing perspectives.

The main theme of the seminar was the discussion of the coherence of asylum policies and human rights. Also, due to the failure of the proposal to renew the asylum system in 2016, this project aims to send asylum recommendations to the major institutions of the European Union for a future reform proposal.

Semminar on the European asylum system

The June eleventh, Joana Abrisketa, member of the Euclipe Jean Monnet Chair, organized a seminary which focused on the European system of asylum within the frame of the project EURASYLUM, financed by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain.  In this seminary, many experts had come from many parts of Spain such as Deusto University, Carlos III University, Pompeu Frabra University and Pontifical Comillas University.

In this event, the main lines of the project were introduced taking into the failure of the last project, SECA, and the parallel policies of the externalization of migratory control. Among the final goals of the project there are included the analysis of the international tendency and their connexions with the European Union policies of the asylum, to value the deficiencies of SECA and its reform and evaluate the tools used.

Conference – Refugees and the European Union – Answers from Law perspective

Joana Abrisketa, professor of International law and headmistress of transnational law faculty, exposed some key points of the European policies for refuge matters and the issues raised from the massive arrival of refugees after the Syrian war. Then, Maria Nagore, professor of International Law of the Law Faculty, focused on the influence of these polices outside the European region. Both professors presented some measures to improve the humanitarian assistance in accordance with international law.

This conference is within the Cycle of International Conferences: New Challenges of the European Union co-organised by the EUCLIPE Jean Monnet chair and the student law association ELSA (European Law Student’s Association). More than 100 law students, in which we may find Pure Law, Economic Specialisation Law and the double degree of International Relation and Law, had attended the conference with the association EUROGETXO.

The Odysseus Network’s III Annual Conference

Professor Joana Abrisketa attended the Odysseus Conference “Conflict and Compromise in the EU Migration and Asylum Policies” held in Brussels on February 1, 2018. The Annual Conference is organised by the Odysseus Academic Network, a leading network of legal experts in immigration and asylum in Europe, in the framework of the OMNIA project and with the support of the Jean Monnet activities of the Erasmus +Programme of the European Union.

The overarching themes of the Conference were the several rulings of the Court of Justice of the European Union taken in 2017. The content of sensitive cases such as the one of the visas for asylum seekers, or the one on relocation and solidarity, as well as the EU/Turkey Declaration were discussed by the participants. The European Agenda on Migration was also analysed, in relation with the Commission Communications of 27 September and 7 December 2017.

Professor Philippe De Bruycker, Coordinator of the Odysseus Academic Network in the ULB, Brussels, gave the welcome speech. During this session, François Crépeau, Professor in Mc Gill University, Canada, and Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants, took part. Elspeth Guild, Jean Monnet Professor ad personam, Queen Mary University London, took part as a convener in the workshop related to the human right to leave a country. The Libyan Coastguards implications and the international responsibility for the cooperation of the EU and its member states was dealt by Professor Achilles Skordas, from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark. The question concerning visas for asylum was presented by professor Violeta Moreno-Lax, Associate Professor in Law in Queen Mary University of London.

The final plenary session was presented, among other participants, by Eleanor Sharpston, Advocate General of the Court of Justice of the European Union and Henri Labayle, Professeur de droit européen of tthe Université de Pau and the Pay de l’Adour, France, who explained the limits and the technical and political choices made by the Union institutions as regards the judment of the CJUE in Slovaquia and Hungary v. Council, of 6th September 2017.

Article: Relocation of the refugees, a solidarity deficit and a gap in the European Union

Published in the Revista General de Derecho Europeo, no. 44 (January, 2018)

(ABSTRACT) In the judgment of the 6th September 2017, the European Union Court of Justice ruled on the Decision (EU) 2015/1601 of 22 September 2015 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece (Relocation Decision). As the demands for international protection in the two countries reached numbers never seen before, the Decision put into play a temporary mechanism for the relocation of the asylum seekers arriving from Greece and Italy. According to the Relocation Decision, the remaining State members of the EU would receive 120.000 asylum seekers who would have presented their petition in the two Mediterranean States. The asylum seekers would be distributed among the member States according to a quota system. Hungary and the Slovak Republic requested the European Court of Justice to annul the Decision. The case was relevant due to the nature of the principle of solidarity implied and the context of the reform of the Common European Asylum System in which the judgment was adopted. The Court rejected the applications on the basis of technical and legal arguments rooted in the EU Law. However, the interpretation of the principle of solidarity was reduced to merely a symbolic status.

By Joana Abrisketa, Professor of Public International Law and International Relations at the University of Deusto and member of the Jean Monnet Chair in EU Economic and Legal integration for people.